We are going to start a long debate here, because there is no ideal weapon, totally versatile and with only advantages. Everything will depend on the situations you want to prepare yourself, your budget, your morphology, and of course, your Best Belly Band Holster.
So we will try to roughen everything from zero:
As surprising as it may seem, to choose a firearm, whether it is a survivalistic or purely sporting perspective in a society where everything turns round, the first question to be asked is neither Its price, its mark, its weight, its design or even its type of operation (auto, semi-auto, blowjob) … but the ammunition used.
You will also need to think about whom is likely to use your weapon: You alone? Your woman?Your children? It is good to have a powerful weapon, but that said powerful weapon said recoil (and also noise).
I have a MosinNagant 91/30 (caliber 7,62x54R, with a fixed cylinder head and a metal layer plate, it is one of the worst rifles that can be found in recoil), after a very short session Shooting with, my wife refuses to use it again and is even afraid to test my caliber 12. By contrast, my 7 year old son can shoot at the 22 LR without any worries.
And here I speak only of comfort of use, receding the weapon affects the accuracy of the shot. Better to shoot a 22 LR bullet in the head of your future meal than to miss a shot of 7.62 and see him run away, betrayed by the detonation. And again I speak only of hunting….
Once you have thought about all this … your administrative situation! What weapons do you have the right to buy? Category D1? C? B?
Step4: Handgun, rifle or carbine? *
* Handgun: revolver, pistol
Rifle: Shoulder gun (except in exceptional cases) with a smooth barrel, capable of firing lead and bullets. In short, only shotguns (a shotgun is a shotgun)
Rifle: A rifled cannon weapon, intended for shooting bullets. Following the upgrading to category B of shotguns, manufacturers have played on the words and put on the market striped barrel guns. They have therefore become “rifles with pumps”, and these are therefore accessible in category C.
You should know that the practical range of a handgun is about 25-30 meters. 50 meters if you are very good shooter.
You should also know that when a person is armed with a blade (even a simple knife), if your weapon is at the belt and at a distance of less than 7 meters, it is the one with the knife that has the advantage.
A handgun still has the advantage of being easy to carry and conceal and will prove useful in many situations, but do not imagine that it will be enough.
Shotguns have a practical range of about 25-30 m with lead if your barrel is smooth. 50 meters if you pull slugs or use pellets with a full choke (I will explain all these terms in the section reserved for rifles).
A rifle in 22 LR will have a practical range of 100, see 150m if there is not too much wind.
Any superior gauges will have sufficient range for any use you may have to make of them.
This choice will greatly depend on your environment. Someone in a remote mountain village will have little need to defend himself, will need to hunt, and if he has to have only one weapon, a shotgun may not be the most appropriate, as I would be surprised if A marmot or an ibex is allowed to approach within 30-50 meters.
Step 5: Your budget
Once these 5 steps are completed, you will have a much smaller choice of weapons, and should see much more clearly.